Armenia

Holidays in Armenia

The region of Askeran occupies the central part of RMK, it borders in the north, north-west with Martakert region, in the west with Kashatagh region. The southern border reaches Hadrout and Martouni regions, and the southeast border adjoins again with Martouni region. In the north-west there passes the frontier with Azerbaijan. This regions occupies the territory with the area of 1222 sq.km., the population here is 17 400 people.   In Askeran there are forty five settlements, from which one is the city – center Askeran, located about fourteen kilometers from the capital of RMK Stepanakert. The territory of the region has varied relief: mountainous in the south-west, flat - in the north-west. Here the rivers Karkar, Badara, Qolatak flow. As specify historical sources, in the past the part of the area of Askeran (right-bank of the river Karkar) was a part of Varanda province, and the other part (left-bank) - in the structure of Khachen province. Here numerous historic-architectural monuments are kept, among which a special interest represent Askeran fortress (XVIII century), monuments of the village Avetaranots, a former residence of Shakhnazaryan meliks-princes of Varanda, Bovurkhavank, monastery of Saint Gevorg or Ptkes-Berk, church Pirumashen in the Sarushen village, the house-museum of the well-known figure of the Armenian national-liberation movement of the end of XIX and  beginning of XX centuries Nikol Duman in Tsakhkashat village, monuments of a valley of the river Badara, a curative spring near the Aygestan village. In Askeran region there is a historical and cultural reserve "Tigranakert". Near the village of Ivanyan  burial places are located.  
Yerevan is the capital of the Republic of Armenia. The city is located on Ararat Valley: on the bank of the Hrazdan River, the tributary of the Araks. According to the population (Census of April 2013: 1. 067. 0 mln people) it is the largest city in Armenia. In 1918 Yerevan became the 12th capital in the whole Armenian history.   Yerevan was founded by Urartian (Urartu was an Armenian kingdom) king Argishti 1 in 782 BC. The city is 29 years older than Rome. There are lots of interpretations and legends, concerning the etymology of the name. The most ancient and spread one is connected with forefather Noah. According to the legend, popular within people, after the world flood, when the water withdrew, Noah saw the land from Mount Ararat and exclaimed “It is seen, I can see it” (root “yerev” means “seen” in Armenian), which later, with some transitions, became the basis of the modern name of the city.   Yerevan is one of the most ancient cities in the world. Archaeological researches, held in the territory of the city, showed, that men lived here tens of thousands years ago. The studies proved, that during different times various settlements appeared and where destroyed in the territory: Shengavit, Karmir Blur, Tsitsernakaberd and so on. The modern plan of the city was done by prominent architect Alexander Tamanyan in 1921.   Yerevan has many churches, museums, including History Museum of Yerevan and National Gallery (more than 14, 000 works), which represent Armenian history, literature and fine arts. Matenadaran, the depository of Armenian and foreign books and manuscripts (more than 100, 00 exhibits) is also located here. Of special importance isTsitsernakaberd, the monument dedicated to the Armenian Genocide, accomplished by Ottoman Turkey; every 24th of April thousands of Armenian come here with flowers to pay tribute to the victims.

Location: Vayots Dzor

From Yerevan: 125 km/ 1 h. 49 min.

  Yeghegnadzor is located in the gorge of the Arpi River, 1230 m above sea level. The climate is dry, sharply continental. Average temperature in January is -5,-6 degrees, minimum temperature is - -22 degrees; in July - +35 degrees. The city is rich in mineral resources: felsite, granite, glass raw materials, and gravel.   The population develops agriculture, especially cattle breeding, beekeeping, gardening, fruiting. Road construction and operational enterprises and establishments of small business operate in the city: winemaking, production of bakery, confectionery, cooperage business, stonework and concrete work, as well as furniture making etc..   Vayots Dzor is rich in natural splendor and ornamented with exceptional cultural monuments of historic, scientific and artistic value.  You can see the marvels of Vayots Dzor, choosing hotel «Arpa».

Location: Kotayk region

Type of resort: Ski resort

From Yerevan: 56km/50min

  Tsaghkadzor resort (“Gorge of Flowers”) is located 55 km North-East of Yerevan city, in the bosom of picturesque nature, on the Western slope of Teghenis Mount. The city is situated 1700-1800 m above sea level; surrounded by forests and mountains. The climate is mild: temperature in August is +18ºC, in winter - – 6ºC. Average annual precipitation is 600-700 mm, sunny times – 2500. The local population mainly works in the service sector. Tsaghkadzor was first inhabited in the 3-5th cc. During early Middle Ages (4-5 cc), these lands belonged to the Varajhnuni dynasty, the governors of the Armenian king’s estates. In the 5th century the gorge was passed to the influential Kamsarakan dynasty.   In the beginning of the 17th century, nomadic tribes, having captured “Gorge of Flowers”, recalled the location Darachichak, which is the Turkish translation of Tsaghkunyats gorge. The city was again called Tsaghkadzor in 1947. When Eastern Armenia was in the composition of Russian Empire (1828), Armenian refugees from Western Armenia and Persia settled here. Today Tsaghkadzor is considered to be an internationally recognized resort, where alpine skiing is especially developed. Tsaghkadzor is at the same height as Mexico. Taking into consideration the fact, on the eve of 1968 Olympic Games, USSR General Sport Complex was built exactly in Tsaghkadzor. National teams from different countries practice for various competitions and World championships here. As an alpine skiing resort Tsaghkadzor became known after the construction of the cable way. Kecharis Monastic Complex (11-15 cc) with its St. Katoghike (15 c), St, Nshan (11 c), St. Gregory the Enlightener (1003) churches as well as St. Harutyun church (1228) 200 m of Kecharis complex are located in the city.

Location: Lori region

From Yerevan: 140km/2h. 20min

  Stepanavan (former Jalal-Oghli) is located in Lori region. It is named after hero of Soviet Union Stepan Shahumyan.   The city is situated in the gorge of the Dzoraget, on the valley near the river, in the North of Bazum Mountain range; 1400 m above sea level. The climate is favorable, moderately humid. Average temperature in January is -4,2 degrees, in June is +16,7 degrees. Average annual precipitation is 683 mm. Winters are snowy here. There are lots of forests, huge sources of natural building materials in the territory.   Stepanavan has centuries-old history. From the very beginning it attracted attention of many researchers with its nature and moderate climate. The foundation and development of the city dates back to the 3-1 cc BC. This is evidenced by cromlechs and ceramic items, found in the territory. The first plan of the city was completed in 1957, the second one – in 1962, and the third general plan was done in 1971. After the earthquake of the 7th of December, 1988 the city was being quickly reconstructed and widened up to the left bank of the Dzoraget. Stepanavan is 36 km of the regional center Vanadzor.   The city has been popular as a resort zone since Soviet times. Today year by year the number of tourist increases due to the wonderful nature and rich historic-cultural heritage. The most interesting places to visit are Stepanavan Dendropark and Lori Berd fortress. The pure air is especially favorable for people with respiratory problems: duringpine pollination in May. Avetik Sahakyan, the first president of the first Republic of Armenia was born in Stepanavan.   We offer our services to find the right hotel, rest house, cottage or a private house to organize your rest more comfortably.

Location: Nagorno-Karabakh

From Yerevan: 329 km/ 4 h. 30 min.

 Stepanakert is the capital of Nagorno-Karabakh; population: 55, 000 people. Stepanakert is the administrative, cultural and economic center of the republic. It is located on the Western slope of Karabakh mountain range, on the left bank of the tributary of the Karkar River Vararakn, 850 m above sea level. The city was renamed in honor of the activist of Communist Party, International Labor Movement Stepan Shahumyan. The city stretches on ten village settlements of early Middle Age and Middle Age, where 10 half-destroyed churches, thousands of khachkars (“cross-stones”) and grave stones are preserved.   Stepanakert has an ancient history. First settlements appeared here in the 3-2 millenniums BC. In the 19th century, during the archaeological excavations, held by Emil Rosler lots of objects of great value were found; a part of the treasure is now kept in the largest museums of the world. Vararakn village was on the place of modern Karabakh. The village got its name from the local water source. Only a hostel was preserved by a miracle from the settlement.   As a settlement the city was formed in the beginning of the 19th century. The first plan of the project and construction of the city was done by architect Alexander Tamanyan. During Soviet times Stepanakert was a typical regional center, where a range of large industrial enterprises, pedagogical institute, agricultural technical school, musical and medical colleges as well as historic-geological museum operated. In the 60ies a complex was built, which included Lenin Square (today: Renaissance), the building of the Regional Committee of the Communist Party (today: Government of NKR).   Despite the small territory, there are many picturesque places in the city, green parks, and cozy yards. Also there are lots of high quality hotels in Stepanakert, which will make your rest more comfortable.

Location: Nagorno-Karabakh

From Yerevan: 317 km/ 4 h. 20 min.

 Shushi is the administrative center of the same name region of Nagorno-Karabakh. The city is considered to be the former capital of the republic and up to the 20th century played an important role in cultural and economic lives of Artsakh as well as whole Transcaucasia.   The ceramic and clay objects of 14-13 cc BC, found in the territory of Shushi, prove that there was a fortress-settlement here in the remote past. Due to the inaccessible location, Shushi served as a defensive area for the Armenian population of Vananda, Artsakh region, Great Hayk; later, being protected by defensive walls, it became one the most important fortresses of Vananda melikdom.  There are ancient cemeteries near the city; Armeniankhachkars («cross-stones») and pottery of 9-12 cc were found in the territory.   Shushi was an important center of Armenian culture, where education and, especially, printing were highly developed. In 1827-1920 Shushi had 5 printing houses, more than 150 books were published here.   In 1991-1992 Stepanakert and other settlements were bombed from Shushi (hundreds of people died during this war). During Artsakh battle the city served as military base for the Azerbaijani army. In 1992, May the 6th, Shushi was liberated due to the effort of Artsakh army. Now 3000 people live in Shushi; many of them are refugees from Sumgait and Baku. The city was badly damaged because of the war. In 2007 new city plan was created. It is intended to renovate Shushi as a cultural center by 2020.   St. Amenaprkich (St. Almighty) church of 40 m high is dominant in terms of architecture; otherwise it is called Ghazanchetsots. It was built in 1888. Hotels in Shushi will help to make your visit to the city cozier.

Location: Syunik region

From Yerevan: 359 km/ 4h. 53 min.

  Kapan city, former Ghapan, is the regional center of Syunik. The city is located on the Kapan River.   It is probable that at first Kapan was just a settlement. From the 10th century historians mention about Kapan city. In the end of the 10th century the town became the capital of Syunik Kingdom. Being located in the deep valley, Kapan has a unique microclimate; approximate temperature in summer is 38-40 degrees, minimum temperature in winter is 10-15 degrees.   There are hotel complexes, rest houses, rich cultural heritage here: Tatev monastery, Vahanavank and other historic-cultural monuments. The region has great potential in ecotourism.

Location: Vayots Dzor region

From Yerevan: 175km/3h.

  Jermuk is located within forests and mountains of Aragatsotn region, on a small plateau, 2080 m above sea level; the plateau is divided into two parts by the Arpa river gorge.  The average air temperature in spring is +0.4 C, in summer - +15.3 C, in autumn - +4.9 C, and in winter - -9 C. The settlement was first mentioned in the 13th century, though the ruins of cyclopean fortress and the 8th century church indicate that it has more ancient history. Jermuk waters were reliable means of treatment of various illnesses for centuries. According to historical sources, Jermuk was the summer residence of Syunik dukes. There are evidences that people overcame long impassable gorges and narrow trails to have bath in the warm and curing waters of Jermuk. The ruins of the pool, built in the Middle Ages, grounds to assume that mineral waters of Jermuk were used as treatment means from times immemorial. Jermuk waterfall is really unique; people called this wonder, flowing to the Arpa river gorge from 70 m height, “Mermaid’s hair”. Vayots Dzor region is rich with historical and cultural monument and sight: Kechut Reservoir, Gndevank, Vardan’s Stone, medieval Gladzor University, Noravank monastic complex and so on. Kechut Reservoir is fed by the Arpa river waters and atmospheric precipitations. It is the main node of the hydraulic-technical structure“Arpa-Sevan”, which is the beginning of the underwater tunnel of 48 km length. Though Jermuk has quite a long history, the modern city was founded only in 1940, after the construction of the first sanatorium. Later years, all the possibilities and conditions were created for active rest, curing and tourism for locals and guests as well. Today there are plenty of high quality sanatoriums in Jermuk. The most popular one is “Jermuk Armenia” Sanatorium.

Location: Tavush region

From Yerevan: 130 km/ 1 h. 38 min.

  Ijevan city is the regional center of Tavush. The climate of the city is favorable; it is not too hot in summer and quite warm in winter. Average temperature is August is +23 C, in January – about 0 C; annual precipitation is 563 mm.   Ijevan started to flourish in the 30-is of the previous century, when a range of industrial, construction, food and other enterprises were exploited. Ijevan is popular with carpet weaving. The largest carpet-weaving factory in Transcaucasia is located here.   The most noteworthy sights are the central park, botanic garden (Dendropark), historic-geological museum. Ijevan is a perfect destination for active rest lovers. Here horseracing, hiking and biking tours as well as tent camps are organized. Our company will help to choose the proper hotel in Ijevan to make your rest more comfortable.

Location: Kotayk region

From Yerevan: 146km/2h. 20min.

  Hankavan is located in Kotayk region, 33 km South-West of the regional center Hrazdan, in the picturesque gorge of the Marmarik River. It is 2000 m above sea level. The climate is mild: it is quite warm in summer (average temperature in July-August is 16-18 C), and winter is not too cold (average temperature is -7 C).   Hankavan is a climatic resort. With the chemical composition mineral waters of Hankavan have similarities with the ones in Yessentuni. Diseases of gastrointestinal tract, liver, gallbladder and pancreas are cured. There are lots of sanatoriums, including Ani Resort Hankavan.

Location: Shirak region

From Yerevan: 122 km/ 1 h. 44 min.

  Gyumri is the second largest city of Armenia. It is located in the North-West of the republic, 1550 m above sea level. The population is about 146 thousand people.   The initial version of the name of the city Kumayri means «cave group» and is connected with Shirak natural caves, which served as storages of agricultural production (first of all wheat) as well as save shelters for the first inhabitants ofShirak Valley.   In 1837, after Russian emperor Nikolai 1's visit, the city was renamed Alexandrapol in honor of his wife Alexandra.  In 1899, after the construction of the railway, Alexandrapol became the important railway junction; a military, trade, business and cultural center. «Anush» opera by prominent Armenian composer Armen Tigranyan was staged at Gyumri City Theater. During Soviet times, the city was renamed Leninakan in honor of Vladimir Lenin. After the declaration of the independence of the Republic of Armenia Gyumri got its modern name, which is the colloquial form of word Kumayri.   Gyumri was a settlement since time immemorial. This is evidenced by the bronze works of the II millennium BC, found during constructing works of 1875 in so called «Soldier's Grave», as well as iron decorations and knives of 10-9 cc BC, found in 1908.   The city was crucially damaged after the earthquake of 1988 in Spitak; tens of thousands of people died and got injured. Up today the city is being renovated. Nowadays engineering and food industrial enterprises, an airport operate in Gyumri.   Mushurba (A mug, which produces a peculiar sound, when the liquid is being drunk. Also this mug keeps the initial temperature of water.) is one of the symbols of Gyumri. In 21st century it became a nice tradition within the dwellers to present a mushurba to guests. In 2013 a monument to Mushurba was erected in Gyumri.  

Location: Syuniq region

From Yerevan: 240km/4h.

 Goris is located in Syunik region, about 70 km of the administrative center Kapan. The city is situated on the bank of the Vararakn River (tributary of the Vorotan River). The climate is favorable mountainous: soft snowy winter, warm summer. Average air temperature in January is - 1.3 C, in July - +19 C; precipitation: 700 mm.   Goris was founded in 1870 as the center of Zangezur Province. It got status of a city in 1885 by the Russian Empire. Goris was inhabited from the ancient times. People settled in Goris in Stone Age. As a result of the researches, held in 1980-ies, lots of valuable bronze objects were found: women necklaces, draggers, tools, talismans, utensils. Studies showed that these objects date back to the 3-2 cc BC and have local origin, which speaks about the high culture and way of living of the locals. Old petroghlyphs were found on the slopes of Ishkhanasar. These are mainly illustrations of people and domestic animals, which date back to the 5-2 cc BC.   During Soviet Era Goris was completely transformed and turned into a beautiful, restored city. It was a modernindustrial center. Today there are lots of private and public buildings, medical establishments, cultural and educational centers and hotels as well.   The mountains towering to the sky and rivers flowing in the deep gorges, wonderful nature, Armenian monasteries, churches, and alpine meadows lead people to Goris city popular with unique architectural style, Tatev monastery with its thousand-year-old history, Devil’s Bridge on the Vorotan River, Shaki waterfall, Karahunj.

Location: Tavush region

From Yerevan: 94km/2h.

  Dilijan resort is located in the North-East of the Republic of Armenia, in the Aghstev River valley, 1100-1510 m above sea level. The city is surrounded by mountain range Lesser Caucasus. With its natural and climatic conditions Dilijan is a unique settlement. Wonderful nature has an additional positive influence on health of the patients and just tourists. In the Northern part of the city, 1400 m above sea level, Lake Parz is located.   The resort got the status of a city in 1938. Name “Dilijan” is mentioned in comparatively recent sources, though the origin of the word is not completely clear yet. According to national etymology, “Dili jan” means “sweet tongue”. According to the other version, the origin of the word is connected with a man named Dili, who was tormented by wolfs in the forest; his relatives called “Dili jan” (“jan” is translated from Armenian as “dear” (descript. transl.)) for a long time while searching him.   There are two 2 dozens of mineral sources, which are rich in iron-hydro-chloride-sodium-calcium compounds. Two of them are now bottled. Mineral waters “Dilijan” and “Dilijan Frolova” with the curing properties are identical to the French “Vishy” and Georgian “Borjhomi” mineral waters. The Aghstev River and its tributaries transfer a unique charm to the city panorama. Usually Dilijan is compared with the Swedish Davos resort and Georgina Abastuman.  The first sanatorium in Armenia was founded in 1921 in Dilijan.   Today the resort has about 3 dozens of sanatoriums and rest houses; Dilijan National Park is also located here.   “If there are forests, mountains and mineral waters in paradise, then it should be like Dilijan.” Yu. Kirilova.  

Location: Kotayk region

From Yerevan: 44km/46min.

  Bjni is one of the most ancient settlements in Armenia. The village is located in Kotayk region of the republic, on the right bank of the Hrazdan River, 13 km of the regional center Hrazdan. Bjni is distinguished with its mineral watersand many historic-cultural monuments. Exactly here the popular “Bjni” mineral water is produced.   In the Middle Ages the settlement was one of the most important scientific centers. We were able to preserve several Armenian manuscripts, rewritten here in the 12-17th cc. The treasure of mediaeval architecture of Bjni is St. Astvatsatsin (St. Holy Virgin) church, located in the center of the village; it was built by the order of Grigor Magistros in 1031. There are inscription on the walls of the church preserved up today; it was renovated in 1947.

Location: Kotayk region

From Yerevan: 20km/24min.

  Arzni is a recreational village in Armenia, Kotayk region. It is located on the left bank of the Hrazdan River, 1250 m above sea level, 23 km North of Yerevan. The climate of Arzni is continental, mild (average temperature in January -5°C); it is cool in summer (average temperature in July +22°C), autumn is warm and long.   The village was founded by Assyrians, having moved to the Eastern Armenia from Persia in the 19th century. The population is 2,529 people. The location is very famous with its mineral waters. The main therapeutic factors of Arzni are the bicarbonate-chloride-hydrocarbonate-sodium water, and the climate of the mountainous areas with low barometric pressure. Mineral water Arzni, which contains large amounts of carbon dioxide (1.25-2.0 g/l) and minerals (8-10 g/l), are a major factor of effective treatment.   In the past the village was called Artsni, Sajala, and Arzni-Asoriq as well because of the huge number of Assyrians. The zone, though, was completely Armenian. This is evidenced by the ruins of constructions and fortresses, found in the territory, as well as 2 preserved chapels built of treated stone and cemetery rich in stone crosses; all this was found outside the fortress, in the Northern part.   The most ancient mention about the name Arzni, extant up today is of the 15th century. The etymology of the word is connected to the legend about Shamiram and Ara the Beautiful (According to the legend, Assyrian queen Shamiram wanted to marry Ara by force. Having got rejection, she killed him and then was praying and asking to make him alive.) The most spread interpretation is the following: «return «znnir» Ara to life». There is a preserved church of the 6th century in village; Assyrians made their own church with the stones of the old one. Materials of early Stone Age and Neolith were found in the territory.   There are caves in Hrazdan gorge; they served as living places and had defensive function. Now the location is popular as recreation zone, where 5 sanatoriums operate. Today’s sanatoriums are built in the gorge of the Hrazdan River, on both banks. Prevention of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, rheumatic and cardiac ischemiaare realized in these establishments. Arzni HPS is located near the village.
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